Welcome to RedBaron’s documentation!

Introduction

RedBaron is a python library and tool powerful enough to be used into IPython solely that intent to make the process of writing code that modify source code as easy and as simple as possible. That include writing custom refactoring, generic refactoring, tools, IDE or directly modifying you source code into IPython with a higher and more powerful abstraction than the advanced texts modification tools that you find in advanced text editors and IDE.

RedBaron guaranteed you that it will only modify your code where you ask him to. To achieve this, it is based on Baron a lossless AST for Python that guarantees the operation fst_to_code(code_to_fst(source_code)) == source_code.

RedBaron API and feel is heavily inspired by BeautifulSoup. It tries to be simple and intuitive and that once you’ve get the basics principles, you are good without reading the doc for 80% of your operations.

A note about the examples

This documentation is full of example for nearly everything. But in fact, those aren’t really “example”: those are real life code that are executed at the compilation time of this documentation, this guaranteed the example you see to work exactly the same way for you.

Funny side effect: this make it possible to “break” this documentation.

Installation

pip install redbaron[pygments]

Or if you don’t want to have syntax highlight in your shell or don’t need it:

pip install redbaron

Basic usage

Simple API: give string, get string back.

In [1]: from redbaron import RedBaron

In [2]: red = RedBaron("some_value = 42")

In [3]: red.dumps()  # get code back
Out[3]: 'some_value = 42'

Though to be used in IPython directly:

In [4]: red  # direct feedback like BeautifulSoup, "0" here is the index of the node in our source code
Out[4]: 0   some_value = 42

In [5]: red.help()  # helper function that describe nodes content so you don't have to read the doc
0 -----------------------------------------------------
AssignmentNode()
  # identifiers: assign, assignment, assignment_, assignmentnode
  operator=''
  target ->
    NameNode()
      # identifiers: name, name_, namenode
      value='some_value'
  value ->
    IntNode()
      # identifiers: int, int_, intnode
      value='42'

Easy nodes modifications, you already know how to code in python, so pass python code (in a string) on the attribute you want to modify (wonder what .value is? look at the output of .help() in the previous example):

In [6]: red[0].value = "1 + 4"

In [7]: red
Out[7]: 0   some_value = 1 + 4

Easy queries, just like in BeautifulSoup:

In [8]: red.find("int", value=4)

In [9]: red.find_all("int")  # can also be written red("int") like in BeautifulSoup
Out[9]: 
0   1
1   4

Queries can be very powerful, you can test each attributes with value/lambda/regex/special syntax for regex/globs.

Now let’s pretend that we are editing a django settings.py (notice that we are extending our source code using the same API than the one of a python list since we are in a list of lines):

In [10]: red.extend(["\n", "INSTALLED_APPLICATIONS = (\n    'django',\n)"])  # here "\n" is to had a blank line

In [11]: red
Out[11]: 
0   some_value = 1 + 4
1   INSTALLED_APPLICATIONS = (
        'django',
    )

And let’s install another django application! (again: same API than a python list)

In [12]: red.find("assignment", target=lambda x: x.dumps() == "INSTALLED_APPLICATIONS").value.append("'another_app'")

In [13]: red
Out[13]: 
0   some_value = 1 + 4
1   INSTALLED_APPLICATIONS = (
        'django',
        'another_app',
    )

Notice that the formatting of the tuple has been detected and respected when adding the new django application.

And let’s see the result of our work:

In [14]: print(red.dumps())
some_value = 1 + 4
INSTALLED_APPLICATIONS = (
    'django',
    'another_app',
)

Indices and tables